Cheryl Boone Isaacs, the first black president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, has announced changes to the group, which administers the Oscars.
Responding to an uproar over the lack of diversity in this year's Oscar acting nominees and within its own membership, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has announced dramatic changes, including changing voting rights, appointing new individuals to its executive and committees, and setting a goal to double the number of diverse members by 2020.
"The academy is going to lead and not wait for the industry to catch up," academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs, who is African-American, said in a statement issued Friday afternoon.
"These new measures regarding governance and voting will have an immediate impact and begin the process of significantly changing our membership composition."
The changes come after an unanimous vote of the academy's board of governors Thursday night, with the goal of making "the academy's membership, its governing bodies, and its voting members significantly more diverse."
The changes include:
Beginning later this year, each new member's voting status will last 10 years, and will be renewed if that new member has been active in motion pictures during that decade.
In addition, members will receive lifetime voting rights after three 10-year terms; or if they have won or been nominated for an Academy Award.
The above will be applied retroactively to current members.
Those who do not qualify for active status will be moved to emeritus status. Emeritus members do not pay dues but enjoy all the privileges of membership, except voting.
Three new seats will immediately be added to the ruling board of governors, to be nominated by the president and confirmed by the board, for three-year terms.
New members will be immediately added to the academy executive and board committees deciding on matters of membership and governance.
The new changes will not affect voting for the Oscars in February
The academy also plans to launch a global campaign to identify and recruit new, more diverse members.
Actors Jada Pinkett Smith and Will Smith were among the high-profile Hollywood figures speaking out against the lack of diversity in this year's Oscar nominees. The couple vowed not to attend or watch the awards. (Jason Kempin/Getty Images )
The sweeping new measures were prompted by an uproar over the fact that, for a second consecutive year, only white actors were nominated for Oscars — which many have blamed on a larger problem of systemic racism in the Hollywood studio system.
The issue began to snowball after actress and producer Jada Pinkett Smith and filmmaker Spike Lee said they wouldn't attend or watch this year's Oscars in protest against another year of all-white acting nominees. Since then, actor Will Smith and documentary-maker Michael Moore also said they wouldn't watch or attend this year's gala and the issue has spread throughout Hollywood and the wider entertainment community worldwide
The Golden Globes do not run the awards schoolyard
Often referred to as the less-serious show of the bunch, the Globes get picked on for tactics like honoring big names so they will attend (see host Ricky Gervais' 2011 monologue) and picking film and TV shows that are popular instead of critically acclaimed.
But, that doesn't mean the Globes always get it wrong.
For example, the Best Motion Picture -- Comedy or Musical category, which was added to the Globes' roundup in 1951, splits the category by genre and often raises eyebrows over some of the nominees being included in the coveted Best Picture race (this year, Matt Damon's The Martian will compete against Melissa McCarthy's Spy and Amy Schumer's Trainwreck). Still, the decision to split the category has given the Globes a chance to honor hoards of films that went on to lose at the Oscars but remain beloved today, including: The Graduate (1968), Working Girl (1989), Almost Famous (2000), Moulin Rouge! (2001), Lost in Translation (2004) and Sideways (2005).
Also this year, many eyes are on Leonardo DiCaprio and his nominations and potential nominations (the Oscars of which will be announced Jan. 14) for his performance in The Revenant. The actor has never won an Oscar -- despite winning two Globes for The Aviator (2005) and The Wolf of Wall Street (2014) -- and failed to even earn a nomination for his iconic role as Jack Dawson in Titanic.
The Globes are voted on by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, which is made up of 82 International Film Critics. Only one is also a member of the Academy, which is why a nomination or even a win at the Globes is no indication that the nominee will have such luck at the Academy Awards. In the last decade, the Globes and the Oscars have overlapped only three times on the Best Picture winner (Slumdog Millionaire in 2008, Argo in 2012 and 12 Years a Slave in 2013).
Here are 10 examples (including two for DiCaprio) when the Globes strayed from the Oscars and now, looking back, did so in a big and memorable way.
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